Washington State Electric Bike Laws, Definition & Legal Operation

 

Definition of Electric Bike:

The state of Washington (WA) defines electric bicycles as “electric-assisted bicycles.” The electric bike must have two or three fully operational pedals for human propulsion and the electric motor must be no more than 750 W. Electric bicycles are classified as Class 1, Class 2, or Class 3 as defined below:

  • Class 1 electric-assisted bicycle means an electric-assisted bicycle in which the motor provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of twenty miles per hour.
  • Class 2 electric-assisted bicycle means an electric-assisted bicycle in which the motor may be used exclusively to propel the bicycle and is not capable of providing assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of twenty miles per hour.
  • Finally, Class 3 electric-assisted bicycle means an electric-assisted bicycle in which the motor provides assistance only when the rider is pedaling and ceases to provide assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of twenty-eight miles per hour and is equipped with a speedometer.

Licensing and Registration:

The state of Washington does not have licensing and registration requirements for electric bikes.

Helmet Law:

Helmets are required for riders under 16 years of age.

Where to Ride:

Electric bicycles are allowed on roadways and limited access highways, bike lanes, bike paths, and multipurpose paths. Local jurisdictions are allowed to modify these and restrict use when necessary. While Class 1 and Class 2 electric-assisted bicycles are not explicitly prohibited from riding on sidewalks, it is unlawful to ride a Class 3 electric-assisted bicycle on a sidewalk unless there is no alternative.

Disclaimer:

Laws and policies can change at any time rendering the above information outdated and non-applicable. EVELO strongly encourages checking with City, County, State and other local agencies for the most recent laws governing the proper, legal use of electric bicycles in your area.

Source:
Washington Bikes
Washington State Legislature 

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